Scientific research in Bosnia and Herzegovina can be said to be in an alarming situation; the country lags behind in this area and this reflects more and more on its weakened competitiveness and low productivity of its economy, as well as its position on the regional and the global market. It is particularly noteworthy that in the given circumstances, interestingly, the areas of competence of the University of Sarajevo noted by relevant international scientific databases grew in previous period. According to the Elsevier indicators, the increase is mainly due to new research in clinical disciplines, whereas mathematics and physics stand out in terms of the level of competence. The University of Sarajevo will always try to contribute to the research mission, especially focusing on intellectual, technological, economic ans social developments. Our University covers a broad range of research activities, including basic research, applied research and development research. The top-class science and research performed at Faculties, Academies, Centers and Institutes of learning thrives on intensive cooperation between scientists, academics, research organisations and institutes, both at home and abroad. In addition to higher education institutions, academic researchers do have a possibility to do their research in the collaborations with our Centers and Institutes.